**Balance**: A principle of design referring to the arrangement of visual elements to create stability in an artwork.

**Symmetrical Balance**: A balance arrangement in which the parts of a composition are organized so that one side duplicates or mirrors the other.

**Approximate (Modified) Symmetry**: The use of forms that are similar yet different, on either side of a vertical axis.

**Asymmetrical Balance**: A feeling of balance attained when visual units on either side of a vertical axis are actually different but are placed in the composition to create a "felt" balance of the total artwork. We will be looking at three different types of asymmetrical balance: Golden Ratio, Rule of Thirds, and "Golden Triangle."

**Space**: An element of art that indicates areas between, around, above, below, or within something.

**Asymmetrical Balance**

**Golden Ratio:**

DD in MML -- watch from 7 to 10:30.

**From Golden Ratio to Rule of Thirds:**

**Rule of Odds**: is really a guideline about symmetry. It is more pleasant to look at an emphasized object that is framed by an even number of surrounding objects. The effect is diminished (and eventually disappears) as the number of objects increases.

**Triangles in Composition**: If we follow the Rule of Odds, and use the smallest odd number larger than one; we have three objects of interest in our composition. Those three objects can be connected -- like points -- to form a triangle. But it doesn't stop there. Implied triangles can be seen in portraits where a triangle is formed by imagining the base of the triangle at the shoulders, and the point of the triangle at the top of the head. Here are some examples.

**The "Golden Triangle**:

**"**In art, the "golden triangle" describes a way that a diagonal

line can be used to create an interesting composition. The "golden triangle" is created by placing a diagonal line from one corner of a picture plane to another; then another line connects the diagonal line to a third corner at a ninety degree angle.